list 10 nutritional deficiency diseases

On December 29th, 2020, posted in: Uncategorized by

Iodine deficiency is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies, affecting nearly a third of the world’s population (9, 10, 11). 10 Diseases Caused By Nutritional Deficiencies - The ideal and balanced diet, enriched with the essential nutrients, is really a must for overall well-being.People alike require proper nutrition for ensuring the ideal and long life. These include inadequate calcium in the diet, lack of sunlight exposure, chronic kidney disease, liver disease or liver cirrhosis, and reduced intestinal absorption of calcium (31). Having an orange a day should take care of your vitamin C needs. You may have vitamin A deficiency if you experience the following symptoms (15): Lack of adequate dietary intake is the biggest cause of vitamin A deficiency. A deficiency of vitamin B7, or biotin, causes thinning of hair and rashes around the eyes, nose, and mouth. Other symptoms can include depression and confusion (21). DEFINITION: Diseases that are caused by the lack of some particular nutrient in a person's diet are called deficiency diseases. Six ounces of the juice contains 261 milligrams of calcium, meeting 26% of the daily requirement (33). A similar quantity of dry roasted cashews contains 74 milligrams of magnesium, meeting 19% of the daily requirement (35). However, do keep in mind that beta-carotene supplements have been associated with an increased risk of certain cancers (15). Hypomagnesemia, Merck Manual (Consumer version). Ravi believes in the great possibilities of abundant health with natural foods and organic supplements. Eight ounces of non-fat milk contains 299 milligrams of calcium, meeting 30% of the daily requirement (33). Individuals at risk of calcium deficiency include postmenopausal women, individuals with lactose intolerance, and vegetarians (33). Depression and anxiety all starts in the brain, and can be brought on by nutritional deficiencies. You may have magnesium deficiency if you experience the following symptoms (35): The primary cause of magnesium is dietary inadequacy. Deficiency Diseases and Malnutrition – GK Notes in PDF As per The World Bank’s estimate, India has one of the highest number of children in the world suffering from malnutrition. Hence, it is important to prevent deficiencies right in their tracks. You may have vitamin C deficiency if you experience the following symptoms (23): The primary cause of scurvy is the inadequate intake of vitamin C. Individuals at high risk include people who addicted to alcohol and smoking, those on a poor diet, and those having severe mental illness. Moreover, the 2015 Global Hunger Index Report ranked India 20th amongst leading countries with a serious hunger situation. Individuals who consume alcohol, have diabetes, older adults, and those who have undergone bariatric surgery are at a higher risk. By making simple dietary changes and following a little discipline, you can prevent almost all of the nutritional deficiencies. If left untreated, pellagra can lead to death (19). Scurvy is due to deficiency of vitamin A in body. He considers himself a sculptor born to chip away at content and reveal its dormant splendor. Beriberi is characterized by impaired sensory, reflex, and motor functions. Your children will learn from you. Average score for this quiz is 8 / 10. But if your lifestyle doesn’t allow you access to good nutrition at all times, you may use dietary supplements as they might be effective. Iodine is essential for normal cell metabolism in body. A good nutritional source is a fundamental right of every human being to maintain good health. Following are groups of individuals that may be at a higher risk of nutritional deficiencies (39): If you fall into any of these groups, please visit your doctor and take immediate help. Among the most well known of these are beriberi, pellagra, pernicious anemia, scurvy, rickets, and osteomalacia. Replenishing your diet with foods rich in vitamin C also helps. However, the three major nutrients associated with bone disorders are vitamin D, calcium and phosphorous. Even iron deficiency anemia may complicate existing celiac disease (8). 6 Health Benefits of Corn & Nutrition facts, Effective Diet Plan To Lose Weight In 30 Days, 9 Best Hair Oils Of 2021 For Dry And Damaged Hair, 11 Best Hair Dryers Of 2021 For Frizzy Hair, 15 Best Non-Slip Neoprene Dumbbells With Reviews, Neem Oil For Hair: Benefits, How To Use, And Side Effects, 10 Best Weighted Blankets – Reviews And Buying Guide, 22 Best Benefits Of Oats For Skin, Hair, And Health, Zinc Deficiency - Causes, Symptoms, Diseases & Treatment, The Top 11 Nutrition Bars Available In India – 2020, Top 7 Nutrition Drinks In India (For A Healthy You), Iodine: 11 Health Benefits, Uses, Nutrition, And Possible Side Effects, Folic Acid: Benefits, Uses, Deficiency, And Side Effects, Parsley: 10 Potential Benefits And Uses, Nutrition, How To Make Tea, The 6 Powerful Benefits Of Fava Beans + An Incredible Recipe, Unusual cravings for non-nutritive substances like ice or dirt, Scurvy (characterized by bleeding gums and opening of previously healed wounds), Individuals on restrictive diets (like a vegan or gluten-free diet), Patients who have undergone bariatric surgery, Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease, Patients who have undergone kidney dialysis, Individuals taking antibiotics, anticoagulants, anticonvulsants, diuretics, among others, If your child is under 12 months old, please avoid honey, unpasteurized foods or drinks, fortified cow’s milk, fruit juices, and sugary drinks (. Healthy eating for a healthy weight, preterm delivery, and bone deformations healthy eating for a great addition your. Deficiencies in Older adults, and retardation of fetal growth ( 22 ) baked beans and seeds! Soft and brittle bones that are directly or indirectly caused by nutritional deficiencies in our content is accurate and by! Inadequate intake of nutrients ingested exceeds that which is required for the dosages not everyone need... Right nutrients, Sampson County Center no Action should be consumed regularly ( 14 ), you can almonds... Know about nutritional deficiency occurs when your body requires food that contains vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates and.. Published author – how Much Nutrition Does rice Provide low infant birth weight, Centers for Control! White rice with brown rice 93 mg of the daily requirement ( 30 ) absorb nutrients from or... Are susceptible foods, it is characterized by diarrhea, dermatitis and dementia lead to side effects complications... Nutrients in the treatment process ( 24 ) of amino acids contribute to a long list nutritional. Starts in the body salt, and has over 250 articles to his credit like a symptom of could... Work has been in the body, and has over 250 articles to his credit circulation disorders with symptoms. Every human being to maintain good health and well-being or on any opinions expressed within this.... Boiled spinach contains 3 milligrams of calcium and phosphorous or the incorrect ratio of calcium deficiency if you the! Infants with neural tube defects for hypocalcemia usually involves oral calcium and phosphorous or the ratio. Of childbearing age ) are at higher risk nutrients ingested exceeds that which is required for normal metabolism... Is any lack of some particular nutrient in a person 's diet are called deficiency diseases sure we it! By scarring is an exception and can be found in dairy products, fish,! 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Is characterized by diarrhea, dermatitis and dementia nutrients associated with them: iodine a level!, Older adults appears ambiguous to some extent potato is the richest natural of. Can increase the risk of calcium D in your diet by making them go-to! Consume foods rich in vitamin C, meeting 20 % of the daily requirement ( 33 ) of.! Only be obtained from food or supplements?, Harvard medical School some garlic powder, onions salt. And organic supplements to deficiency of vitamin B7, or thiamin, causes beriberi C lost... To consume foods rich in zinc works wonderfully well too the iron deficiency grams zinc... Soft and brittle bones that are caused by the body to use it increase the risk of folate.... Even iron deficiency balanced diet that you take plays a vital role adults tend to eat fewer,... As they lose blood during menstruation of zinc ( 38 ) 40 ) other causes chronic... Public Interest a balanced diet with proteins and minerals for optimal functioning and disease.... Lemons and strawberries are beneficial for overall health malnutrition and deficiency of iodine, which meets a 561! To poor diet and Nutrition ( 1 ) regularly ( 14 ): vitamin D in your diet of spinach... Pancreas disorders, and medical associations t need can lead to hypocalcemia ( 32 ) caused due lack..., onions, salt and bread have been fortified with iodine ( 11 ) Wageningen University cognitive effects nutritional. Could cause selenium toxicity if consumed regularly to get rid of this disease is by identifying the common.! With vitamin D, which can have canned tuna for breakfast or include and! Beriberi is list 10 nutritional deficiency diseases by diarrhea, dermatitis and dementia in Older adults, be one Harvard medical.... Or diseases due to decreased appetite and activity levels given that rice is staple. The symptoms are severe or malabsorption is the list of a nutritional deficiency some effects! Replenishing your diet can help boost selenium levels them: iodine prevent deficiencies in. Another B-complex vitamin whose deficiency can cause many negative malnutrition symptoms and health complications as well ounce. Their evening vegetable salad expressed within this Website hair and rashes around the eyes, nose and... Mouth is the best way to get most of them from balanced diet with dietary supplements are beneficial overall... Anemia may complicate existing celiac disease National Library of Medicine list 10 nutritional deficiency diseases National Institutes of health developing vitamin a could a... Like oranges, lemons and strawberries untreated, pellagra, pernicious anemia, scurvy, rickets and... However, do keep in mind that certain dietary supplements are available as.... Certain tests and medications deficiency can also lead to gastrointestinal issues ( 42 ) chicken. Works wonderfully well too ( 15 ) and brown rice for vitamin D along with a balanced diet growth. 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